Agile Project Management - Scrum

Agile Project Management - Scrum

Agile project management- Agile project management manages projects for on-time delivery and within the planned budget. It also supervises software engineers and monitors software development progress.

Agile project management requires a different approach adapted to incremental development and agile strength. This is where the scrum comes in, Scrum is a general agile method focusing on managing iterative development.


  • Scrum is among the most popular agile methodologies.

  • Characterized by its lightweight, iterative, and incremental framework.

  • Development phases are broken down into stages or cycles called "sprints."

  • Emphasizes dedicated time management for each sprint, allowing the team to focus on one sprint at a time.

  • Core roles in a Scrum team include a Scrum Master and a Product Owner with constant daily communication.

Scrum Framework:

  1. Sprints:

    • Development phases organized into sprints.

    • Sprints are time-boxed iterations, typically 2-4 weeks long.

    • Each sprint aims to deliver a potentially shippable product increment.

  2. Scrum Team: Comprises a cross-functional team of developers, a Scrum Master, and a Product Owner.

  3. Scrum Master: Facilitates the Scrum process, removes impediments, and ensures the team adheres to Scrum practices.

  4. Product Owner: Represents the stakeholders, defines product backlog, and prioritizes features.

  5. Daily Communication: Daily Scrum meetings ensure constant communication. Team members share progress, discuss challenges, and plan for the day. Facilitates collaboration and quick problem resolution.

Scrum Diagram -: The Scrum diagram outlines the key phases and steps involved in the Scrum methodology, emphasizing the iterative and incremental nature of the development process.

  1. Outline Planning and Architectural Design: Establish general objectives for the project and design the software architecture.


    • High-level planning to define project goals and objectives.

    • Initial architectural design discussions to lay the foundation for the software development.

  2. Sprint Cycle: Develop an increment of the system in a time-boxed sprint.


    • Sprint cycles are fixed-length iterations, typically 2-4 weeks.

    • Planning involves assessing the work, selecting features for development, and implementing the software.

    • The Scrum team, including developers, Scrum Master, and Product Owner, collaborates throughout the cycle.

    • Daily meetings are held to review progress, reprioritize work if necessary, and communicate through the Scrum Master.

    • At the end of the sprint, completed functionality is delivered to stakeholders.

  3. Assess: Review and assess the current state of the project.


    • Evaluation of progress made in the current sprint.

    • Identification of any challenges or issues encountered during development.

    • Gathering feedback from team members on the effectiveness of the current processes.

  4. Select: Prioritize and select features and functionality for the upcoming sprint.


    • Review of the product backlog, which is the list of work to be done on the project.

    • Prioritization of backlog items based on business value and project goals.

    • Collaboration between the project team and the customer to determine priorities and address any new requirements.

  5. Review: Review the work done during the current sprint.


    • Evaluation of the completed functionality.

    • Presentation of the work to stakeholders for feedback.

    • Identification of areas for improvement and lessons learned.

  6. Develop: Organize the team to develop the software during the sprint. - Activities:

    • The team organizes itself based on the selected features and functionality.

    • Short daily meetings are held to review progress and address any challenges.

    • The Scrum Master protects the team from external distractions during the development phase.

  7. Project Closure: Wrap up the project and complete required documentation. - Activities:

    • Finalization of project deliverables, including system help frames and user manuals.

    • Assessment of lessons learned from the project.

    • Overall project review to ensure goals and objectives have been met.

The Scrum diagram represents a cyclical process where each sprint cycle is followed by assessment, selection, review, and development phases. The iterative nature of Scrum allows for continuous improvement and adaptation based on feedback and changing project requirements. The project closure phase marks the completion of the project, providing an opportunity for reflection and learning before initiating the next sprint cycle.


  1. Freedom and Adaptation:

    • Provides flexibility and adaptability during the development process.

    • Allows for changes in requirements, responding to customer feedback, and adapting to evolving project needs.

  2. High-Quality and Low-Risk Product:

    • Incremental development ensures continuous testing and validation.

    • Regular review and adaptation contribute to a high-quality product.

    • Early detection of issues leads to reduced risks.

  3. Reduced Development Time:

    • Time-boxed sprints focus efforts on specific tasks, promoting efficiency.

    • Continuous feedback and adaptation contribute to streamlined development.

    • Studies suggest up to a 40% reduction in development time compared to traditional methodologies.

  4. Customer Satisfaction:

    • Prioritizes customer satisfaction as a core principle.

    • Regular reviews and involvement of stakeholders ensure alignment with customer expectations.

  5. Reviewing Current Sprint:

    • An essential step before moving to a new sprint.

    • Involves a retrospective to assess what went well, what could be improved, and what changes are needed for the upcoming sprint.

    • Promotes continuous improvement and learning from past experiences.

In conclusion, Scrum's success lies in its ability to foster collaboration, adaptability, and customer satisfaction through its iterative and incremental approach. The advantages, including reduced development time and a focus on high-quality products, make it a widely adopted framework in the agile landscape. Regular communication, continuous feedback, and a commitment to improvement contribute to the effectiveness of the Scrum methodology.